Some Facts About Switzerland


Swiss Flag

Swiss Flag

I grew up in Switzerland, here is some information about the country.

  • Switzerland is also known as “Confoederatio Helvetica”, therefore the abbreviation CH. “Confoederatio” stands for “confederation”, “Helvetica” derives from the Latin word “Helvetier”, the name of the people who lived in the area which became later Switzerland
  • Area: 41285 km² (approx. 10’201’746 acres or 15’940 square miles)
  • Boundary: 1882 km (1170 miles)
  • Largest extension north – south: 220 km
  • Largest extension west – east: 348 km
  • Most northern dimension: Oberbargen (N 47° 48′ 35″)
  • Most eastern dimension: Piz Chavalatsch (E 10° 29′ 36″)
  • Most southern dimension: Chiasso (N 45° 49′ 08″)
  • Most western dimension: Chancy (E 5° 57′ 24″)
  • Highest elevation: Mount Monte Rosa (“Dufourspitze”), 4634 m.a.s
  • Lowest elevation: Lake Maggiore (“Lago Maggiore”), 193 m.a.s
  • Time Zone: Central Europe (GMT +1 hour)
  • Population 7,731,167 – 2009
  • Founded in 1291: The 3 states Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden – the so called “Ur-Kantone” unite against the surrounding aggressors. A citizen of each state swore on August, 1st 1291 on a small mountain named “Rütli”: “we will be a one and only nation of brothers …”
  • The Swiss flag is unusual as it is one of the few flags that are square and not rectangular. The symbol on the flag is a white cross on a red back background. Each arm of the cross has to be of the same size and must be 1/6 longer than wide.
  • Switzerland’s National Anthem
Map of Switzerland

Map of Switzerland

Information from About Switzerland website

 
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